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Recycling non-ferrous metals like aluminum, copper, lead, zinc, nickel, titanium, cobalt, chromium and precious metals usually involve several steps, including sorting, baling, shearing, and melting. Non-ferrous metal balers are needed to complete the process of baling or compacting the non-ferrous metals into large blocks or bales.  Baling the non-ferrous metals make them easier to handle and transport.

Recycling ferrous metals, whether the materials are industrial scrap or are collected from other sources, will require balers that make the materials marketable and can help you turn a profit. Since ferrous materials tend to have a lower value than non-ferrous material, a significant mass is required to yield a reasonable return. Your best option for high volume is to compress the mass into the smallest possible units to make transport possible.


Vertical balers are the smallest and least expensive balers available and can usually process 1-2 tons per hour. They are “vertical” because the platen moves vertically down into the bale chamber to form the bale.

Vertical balers are typically fed manually through a lift-up gate on the side of the baler. Baling cycles must be started manually and the bales tied by hand before a final bale ejection cycle. Vertical balers are ideal for smaller operations that bale cardboard, plastics, and light aluminum. They are a good starting point for anyone who is getting into the recycling industry.


Horizontal Balers are “horizontal” because the platen moves horizontally into the bale chamber. They are larger than vertical balers and take up more floor space. Horizontal balers have their feed opening (chamber) on the top. They are commonly fed by conveyors but they can also be fed by a cart dumper, a skid steer or front loader.

A key difference from vertical balers is the “shear” capability of horizontal balers. The shear is required because the next load of material to be compressed sits on top of the main ram during the baling cycle. The shear blade cuts away any material that protrudes above the bale chamber to prevent jamming as the ram makes the next compression stroke.


Shear - Foundry scrap, pipe, beams, plate;

Bale - Clean sheet, wire, light weight scrap, tin, clips;

Log -Appliances, automobiles, sheet metal, tin;

Some of the largest stationary shear/baler/loggers are equipped with a wrap-a-round box that is ideal for large volume shearing and/or baling. Perfect for maintaining high levels of production of light to heavy scrap. 


“Two-ram” balers and "Three-ram balers" are typically the largest, fully automated, most powerful and fastest balers. In a two-ram baler, the first cylinder compresses material against a steel wall, and the second cylinder ejects finished bales through the auto-tie system. The bale ties are wrapped vertically around the bale as it is ejected. The number and spacing of ties can usually be adjusted at the control panel to suit different materials. Two-ram balers often have an optional bale separation door. This allows switching between different materials with no cross contamination in the bales.


The benefits of using shredders are related to material reduction. Asphalt, rubber, wood, plastics and similar materials can be quickly condensed to a mere fraction of their original size. Also bio-degradable waste decomposes faster when shredded. If properly shredded, the materials that are buried in landfills take much less space.

Shredders tend to operate at lower speeds than Grinders with high torque that allows them to chew through almost anything. This explains why shredders are so common in recycling applications involving wood, metal, and paper, and why they are increasingly popular in plastics recycling. These machines can be provided in single-shaft designs that cut down against one or more stationary bed knives, or dual-shaft models that employ two counter-rotating shafts that cut against each other to shred scrap.


The biggest advantage of using a compactor is that it saves space. They are easy, clean, and simple to use. 

There are 2 basic types of Compactors:

Stationary compactors:

  • are bolted to the ground

  • the receiver box is latched on to the ground unit

  • full boxes are loaded onto a truck and replaced with a fresh, empty box

Stationary compactors require enclosures, a one-time investment that will vary according to your needs. Most companies build a walkway with steel sides and roof, lighted on the inside, as protection from the elements. If the compactor is aligned with the dock door, you will need a chute to go down into the collection box. And safety gates are almost always necessary. 

Self-contained compactors:

  • are moveable

  • are all one piece

  • are often used by restaurants and hospitals because they won't leak

It's faster to swap the box out on a stationary compactor than it is to replace a full self-contained compactor with an empty one, a process than can take an hour or longer.


Granulator is a high speed, usually open rotor knife mill, designed to take larger components of feed stock (such as plastics, bottles, organics) and reduce them to a particle size of approximately 40 mesh to 1/8” chip. And while many granulators are used for processing of material outputs of greater than 1/8”, it still remains that their primary place is in the reduction to the finer grains. 

Granulators are a common sight in plastics processing plants and they can be classified generally into two groups:

  • Beside-the-machine models that are usually used to grind relatively small volumes of sprues, runners, off-spec parts, and edge trim from film lines for immediate recycling back into the process.

  • Central granulators - often located in a room separate from the production floor. They are usually bigger and more powerful and are used to chop large volumes of scrap, often from multiple processing lines or molding cells.


Material handling equipment is used for the movement, storage, control and protection of materials, goods and products throughout the process of manufacturing, distribution, consumption and disposal. Examples of material handling equipment incoude:

  • Conveyors

  • Cranes

  • Industrial trucks

  • Barge

  • Clams

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RCBC Global, Inc. 

131 4th Avenue West, Suite 204

Hendersonville, NC 28792

(828) 696-2111